A dedicated server is a host that is entirely assigned to a client or a task. Unlike a virtual server, it is a physical computer. It has different characteristics that distinguish it from other types of servers.
Definition of a dedicated server
A dedicated server in the context of data hosting is a server intended for the exclusive use of a single tenant. It differs from a shared server, on which several people share the same hosting space. A dedicated server is generally intended for the most demanding applications in terms of security and performance. The user can indeed benefit from all the resources of the server and limit the risks of security breaches. This is particularly the case for hosting websites and large e-commerce stores, applications and cloud storage, datacenter services or email processing.
Access to a dedicated server, on the other hand, is much more expensive and its maintenance is more technical. As a result, corporate customers generally use the services of an IT specialist to administer the server or opt for a managed services package that includes maintenance by the hosting provider.
Functioning of a dedicated server
A dedicated server is actually a computer optimized for uninterrupted operation and fast data processing. The term “server” does not refer to a type of hardware, but
to its role in serving data on a local or remote computer network. It is therefore equipped with a RAM, offers storage space, and integrates an operating system. The man-machine interfaces are however limited to the strict minimum.
Applications are also installed to provide the services required by the client. The dedicated server is connected to the Internet, through a connection that allows for the best processing of outgoing and incoming data flows. A dedicated IP address is sometimes assigned to it in order to maximize bandwidth while improving the security of hosted data. Like the server, the dedicated IP is intended for the exclusive use of the customer.
The flexibility of a dedicated server
In addition to performance, a server is a highly flexible solution for the most specific needs. At the hardware level, the hosting company can offer the tenant the possibility to modulate its configuration according to its needs. It is notably possible to increase the RAM of the dedicated server, the storage space, or the bandwidth.
The software component is no less flexible, and the customer can request the installation of his preferred operating system: Linux, Windows, BSD or even Mac OS Server. On-demand applications are also available to meet specific uses and services. These can include security applications, cloud services, and databases.